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This is the very first encyclopedic summary of this kind of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC): the most important thermal analysis technique used today and the most common thermal analysis instrument found in chemical characterization laboratories. Many researchers using this technique have a limited understanding of the true breadth of its capabilities. Up to now, there has been no book that would describe the application of DSC in all the various areas of materials chemistry. The Handbook of Differential Scanning Calorimetry has been written to fill that void. The handbook summarizes the knowledge on the subject and hence it gives people in all chemical and biological areas a broad overview of this measuring technique so they will be able to utilize this analytical technique more efficiently.

  • J.Menczel, J.Grebowicz: Handbook of Differential Scanning Calorimetry; Elsevier 

  • B.Wunderlich, M.Moller, J.Grebowicz, H. Baur: Conformational Motion and Disorder in Low and High Molecular Mass Crystals; Advances in Polymer Science 87, Springer-Verlag

  • B.Wunderlich and J.Grebowicz: Thermotropic Mesophases and Mesophase Transitions of Linear, Flexible Macromolecules; Liquid Crystal Polymers II/III, Advances in Polymer Science 60/61, Springer-Verlag

  • seven other book chapters

handbook of differential scanning calorimetry


71. I.Bernal, R.A.Lalancette, D.Syzdek, J.Grebowicz. “The effect of temperature on the phase structure and transitions of [Co(NH3)6]Cl3 from 100 K until its decomposition”, J Therm Anal Calorim (2022).

70. R.A.Lalancette, D.Syzdek, J.Grebowicz, E.Arslan, and I.Bernal. “The Thermal Decomposition and Analyses of Metal Tris-Acetylacetonates: Free Radical Formation from Al, Cr, Mn, Fe and Co Complexes”, Journal of Therm. Anal. Calorim. (2019) 135: 3463.

69. R.A.Lalancette, E.Arslan, I.Bernal, D.Willhelm, J.Grebowicz, and M.Pluta. “The thermochemistry and crystallograpy of the metal tris-acetylacetonates. Part 1. Al and Mn”, Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 131(3), 2809-19, 2017.

68. I.Taraghi, S.Paszkiewicz, A.Buchard, J.Grebowicz, A.Fereidoon, and Z.Roslaniec. “Nanocomposites of Polymeric Biomaterials Containing Carbonate Groups: An Overview”, Macromol. Mater. Eng. 2017, 1700042.

67. J.Grebowicz. “Understanding thermal properties of oil shales at high temperature toward application of nuclear energy in extraction of natural hydrocarbons”, Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, June 2014, Volume 116, Issue 3, pp 1481-1490.

66. R.Jose, T.J.Patel, T.A.Cather, D.Willhelm, J.Grebowicz, H.Han, P.Bhowmik, L.Sharpnack, D.Mae Agra-Kooijman, and S.Kumar. “Thermotropic mesomorphism in catanionic surfactants synthesized from quaternary ammonium surfactants and sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate: Effect of chain length and symmetry; Colloids and Surfaces”, A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 461, 40-49 (2014).

65. J.Grebowicz. “Thermal Properties of Oil Shales at High Temperature: Towards Integration of Nuclear Power with Production of Natural Hydrocarbons”, Proceedings of 41th NATAS Conference, August, 2013.

64. Z.Jaco and Janusz Grebowicz. “Combined Methods of Thermal Analysis for Characterization of Rocks Containing Hydrocarbons”, Proceedings of 41th NATAS Conference, August, 2013.

63. S.Massoud, E.Taylor, Y.Liu, J.Grebowicz, R.Vicente, R.Lalancette, U.Mukhopadhyay, I.Bernal, and S.F.Watkins. “Synthesis, Structure, Thermal, Magnetic Properties and Quantum Mechanical Calculations of Bridged [Bis(di(2-pyridylmethyl)amine)-(μ2-1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethane)-tetraperchlorato-dicopper(II)] Dihydrate Complex (I)”, CrystEngComm, 2014, 16, 175-183.

62. R.Jose, T.J.Patel, T.A.Cather, J.Grebowicz, H.Han, P.K.Bhowmik, D.M.Agra-Kooijman, and S.Kumar. “Room temperature thermotropic liquid crystalline phases of catanionic surfactants derived from quaternary ammonium surfactants and bis(2-ethylhexyl)sulfosuccinate”, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 411 (2013) 61–68.

61. F.R.Louka, M.L.Spell, J.Grebowicz, J.H.Albering, F.A.Mautner, and S.S.Massoud. “Coordination Chemistry of 1,4-bis{bis(2-pyridylmethyl)aminomethyl}benzene with copper(II)”, Journal of Molec. Struc. 995 (2011) 103-108.

60. F.A.Mautner, J.Grebowicz, P.J.Deifik, R.S.Perkins, and S.S.Massoud. “Structural characterization of copper(II) complexes based on a new 10-membered binucleating 1,6-diazecine ligand”, Journal of Molec. Struc., 933 (2009) 69-76.

59. S.S.Massoud, E.Druel, M.Dufort, R.Lalancette, J.Kitchen, J.Grebowicz, R.Vicente, U.Mukhopadhyay, I.Bernal, and F.A.Mautner. “Versatile binding properties of di-pyridyl ligands with Cu(II) complexes. The syntheses,structural characterization and thermal analysis of six new species”, Polyhedron, 28 (2009) 3849-57.

58. H.H.Chuah, J.Grebowicz, D.R.Kelsey, J.M.Olvera, B.Scardino, and C.Tse. “Effects of an Isophtalate Comonomer on Poly(trimethylene terephtalate) Fiber Spinning and Properties”, J. Applied Polymer Science, Jan. (2009). DOI:10.1002/app.30103.

57. F.R.Louka, F.A.Mautner, J.Grebowicz, R.S.Perkins, and S.S.Massoud. “Structural characterization of copper(II) complexes based on a new 10-membered binucleating 1,6-diazecine ligand”, J. Molec. Struc., 933 (2009) 69-76.

56. J.S.Grebowicz and R.N.French. “Phase structure and sorption-desorption in Poly(trimethylene terephtalate)(PTT)”, Thermochimica Acta, 396, 133 (2003).

55. J-M.Olvera, H.H.Chuah, and J.S.Grebowicz. “Crystallization of Poly(Trimethylene terephtalate)(PTT)”, Paper presented at the 30th NATAS Conference, Pittsburgh, PA, September 23-25 (2002). See Proceedings, pg. 223.110.

54. Y-Z.Hu, C.Chamchoumis, J.S.Grebowicz, and R.P.Thummel. “Unique 2:1 Complex with trans-Chelating BisPyridine Ligand”, Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 41, No. 8, 2296 (2002).

53. B.Wang, C.Y.Li, J.Hanzlicek, S.Z.D.Cheng, P.H.Geil, J.S.Grebowicz, and R.-M. Ho. “Poly(trimethylene terephthalate) crystal structure and morphology in different length scales", Polymer, 42(16), 7171-7180 (2001).

52. J.S.Grebowicz, H.Brown, H.Chuah, J.M.Olvera, A.Wasiak, P.Sajkiewicz, and A.Ziabicki. “Deformation of undrawn poly(trimethylene terephtalate) (PTT) fibers", Polymer, 42, 7153 (2001).

51. M.Pyda, M.L.Di Lorenzo, J.Pak, P.Kamasa, A.Buzin, J.Grebowicz, and B.Wunderlich. “Reversible and Irreversible Heat Capacity of Poly[carbonyl(ethylene-copropylene)] by Temperature – Modulated Calorim.”, J. Polymer Sci:Part B: Polym. Phys., Vol. 39, 1565 (2001).

50. D.R.Kelsey, B.MScardino, J.S.Grebowicz, and H.H.Chuah. “High Impact, Amorphous Terephtalate Copolyester of Rigid 2,2,4,4-Tetramethyl-1,3-cyclobutanediol with Flexible Diols”, Macromolecules, 33, 5810 (2000).

49. M.Levin, J.M.Olvera, C.Garcia, and J.Grebowicz. “A Study of the Energetics of Oligomer/Polymer Decomposition”, Proceedings AIChE South Texas Section 1998 Process Plant Safety Symposium (Oct. 26-27, 1998).

48. H.Brown, C.Hwo, and. J.Grebowicz. “Poly(trimethylene terephtalate) Polymer for Spunbond and Meltblown Fibers”, Proceedings of the 8th TANDEC Meeting, Knoxville, TN, 1998 8th, Paper 5.2.

47. M.Pyda, A.Boller, J.Grebowicz, H.Chuah, B.V. Lebedev, and B. Wunderlich. “Heat capacity of Poly(trimethylene terephtalate)”, J. Polym. Sci: Part B: Polym. Phys., 36, 2499 (1998).

46. K.Yshikiriyama, M.Pyda, G.Zhang, T.Forschner, J.Grebowicz, and B.Wunderlich. “Heat Capacity of Poly-pdioxanone”, J. Macomol. Sci.– Phys., B37(1), 27 (1998).

45. J.S.Grebowicz. “Thermal Properties of Polycarbonate Grade Bisphenol A”, J. Thermal Anal., 46, 1151 (1996).

44. J.S.Grebowicz. “On the Formation of Liquid Crystalline Texture in Epoxy Resins”, Makromol. Chem., Macromolecular Symp., 104, 191 (1996).

43. S.M.Beshouri, J.S.Grebowicz, and H.H.Chuah. “Thermal Properties of Poly(pivalolactone)”, Polym. Eng. Sci., 34(1), 69 (1994).

42. M.Varma-Nair, B.Wunderlich, J.Grebowicz, and R.Bauer. “Thermal Behavior of Epoxy Resins”, Thermochim. Acta, 226, 99 (1993); also Proc. 21st NATAS Conference in Atlanta, GA, Sept 13-16, pgs. 54-59, (1992).

41. K.Liang, J.Grebowicz, E.Valles, F.E.Karasz, and W.J.MacKnight. “Thermal and Rheological Properties of Miscible Polyethersulfone/Polyimide Blends”, J. Polymer Sci., Part B: Polymer Physics, 30, 465 (1992).

40. J.Grebowicz, M.Varma-Nair, and B.Wunderlich. “The Thermal Properties of Poly(pivalolactone)”, Polymers for Adv. Technol.,3, 51 (1992).

39. J.Grebowicz. “Thermal Properties of Poly(vinylcyclohexane)”, Polymer Eng. and Sci., 32(17), 1228 (1992).

38. K.Liang, L.Wu, J.Grebowicz, F.E.Karasz, and W.J.MacKnight. “Miscibility Behavior in Poly(ethersulfone)/Polyimide Blends with and without solvents”, in Progress in Pacific Polymer Science, ed. B.C.Anderson and Y.Imaniski, Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 1991, pp.213-225.

37. G.Smyth, E.M.Valles, S.K.Pollack, J.Grebowicz, P.J.Stenhouse, L.S.Hsu, and W.J.MacKnight. “Development of Crystallinity in a Polyuretane Containing Mesogenic Units. 1. Morphology and Mechanism”, Macromolecules, 23, 3389, (1990).

36. K.J.Miller, H.B.Hollinger, J.Grebowicz, and B.Wunderlich. “On the Conformations of Poly(pxylylene) and Its Mesophase Transitions”, Macromolecules, 23(16), 3855 (1990).

35. K.J. Miller, J.Grebowicz, J.P.Wesson, and B.Wunderlich. “Conformations of Poly(diethylosiloxane) and Its Mesophase Transitions”, Macromolecules, 23(2), 851 (1990).

34. J.Grebowicz, R.Pan, and B.Wunderlich. “Thermal Properties of Drawn Poly(tetrafluoroethylene)”, J. Appl. Polymer Sci., 38, 707 (1989).

33. G.Smyth, J.Grebowicz, P.Stenhouse, W.J.MacKnight, and S.W.Kantor. “Thermal Transitions and Structure Analysis of a Mesomorphic Polyuretane”, Proceedings of 17th NATAS Conference, Orlando, FL, 1988, p.424.

32. B.Wunderlich, M.Moeller, J.Grebowicz, and H.Baur. “Conformational Motion and Disorder in Low and High Molecular Mass Crystals”, Advances in Polymer Sci., 87, 1- 121 (1988).

31. R.Rosenau-Eichin, M. Ballauff, J.Grebowicz, and E.W.Fischer. “Structures and Thermal Transitions of Copolymers of metha-and para-Hydroxybenzoic Acids”, Polymer 29, 58 (1988).

30. H.G.Wiedemann, J.Grebowicz, and B.Wunderlich. “Condis Crystals of Small Molecules. II. The Polymorphs of N, N’-bis(4-n-octyloxy benzal)-1,4-phenylenediamine (OOPDA)”, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 140, 219 (1986).

29. J.Grebowicz, S.Cheng, and B.Wunderlich. “Kinetics of Transitions Involving Condis Crystals”, J. Polym. Sci., Polymer Phys. Ed. 24, 675 (1986).

28. J.Grebowicz, W.Aycock, and B.Wunderlich. “Heat Capacities of 1, 4- Polybutadienes”, Polymer 27, 575 (1986).

27. B.Wunderlich and J.Grebowicz. “Thermal Analysis of Liquid Crystals and Condis Crystals”, Amer. Chem. Soc. Polymer Sci. Preprints 26(1), 1 (1985), Miami, FL, update: Analysis of Condis Crystals, in “Integration of Fundamental Polymer Science and Technology”, II, P. J.Lemstra and L.A.Kleinjiens, eds., Elsevier, London 1988.

26. H.Suzuki, J.Grebowicz, and B.Wunderlich. “Glass Transition of Polyoxymethylene”, Brit. Polymer J. 17, 1(1985).

25. H.Suzuki, J.Grebowicz, and B.Wunderlich. “Heat Capacity of Semicrystaline, Linear Polyoxymethylene and Polyoxyethylene”, Makromol. Chem. 186, 1109 (1985).

24. J.Grebowicz, H.Suzuki, and B.Wunderlich. “Heat Capacities of Polyethylene and Linear Aliphatic Polyoxides”, Polymer 26, 561(1985).

23. B.Wunderlich and J.Grebowicz. “Do Condis Crystals Exist?”, in Polymeric Liquid Crystals, p. 145, A. Blumstein ed., Plenum 1985.

22. J.Grebowicz and B.Wunderlich. “On Cp to Cv Conversion for Solid Linear Macromolecules”; J. Thermal Anal. 30, 227 (1985).

21. B.Wunderlich and J.Grebowicz. “Characterization of Conformationally Disordered Crystals by DSC”,  Am. Chem. Soc. Org. Coating Appl. Polymer Sci. Preprints 50, 144 (1984).

20. J.Grebowicz, S.-F.Lau, and B.Wunderlich. “Thermal Properties of Polypropylene”, J. Polymer Sci., Polymer Symp. 71, 19 (1984).

19. B. Wunderlich and J. Grebowicz. “Thermotropic Mesophases and Mesophase Transitions of Linear, Flexible Macromolecules”, Adv. Polymer Sci. 60/61, 1-59 (1984).

18. J.Grebowicz. “Mesophase Polypropylene”, ibid. p. 303.

17. H.G.Wiedeman, J.Grebowicz, J.Wesson, and B.Wunderlich. “Investigation and Discussion of Liquid Crystals, Plastic Crystals and Condis Crystals by Microscopy and Calorimetry”, Proc. 12th NATAS Conference, Williamsburg, VA, J.C.Buckled. p. 259 (1983).

16. A.Galeski, J.Grebowicz, and M.Kryszewski. “Interpenetration of Spherulites in Polymer Blends”, Makromol. Chem. 184, 184 (1983).

15. J.Grebowicz and B.Wunderlich. “Phase Transition in Mesophase Macromolecules. 4. The Transitions in Poly(oxy-2-2’-dimethylazoxybenzene-4,4’-diyloxydodecanedioyl)”, J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Phys. Ed. 21, 141 (1983).

14. A.Wrobel, J.Kowalski, J.Grebowicz, and M.Kryszewski. “Thermal Decomposition of Plasma-Polymerized Organosilicon Thin Films”, J. Macromol: Sci., Chem. A17.3, 433 (1982).

13. B.Wunderlich and J.Grebowicz. “Glass Transition of Mesophase Macromolecules”, Thermal Analysis, Proc. 7th ICTA Meeting, B.Miller ed. Hayden-Willey, Chichester, Vol. 2, p. 1084 (1982).

12. J.Grebowicz and B.Wunderlich. “The Glass Transition of p-Alkyl-p’-Alkoxy-Azoxybenzene Mesophases”, Molec. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. L6, 287 (1982).

11. J.Grebowicz and T.Pakula. “Crystallization and Melting of Components in Polyethylene-Polypropylene Blends: in Polymer Blends: Processing, Morphology and Properties”, E. Martuscelli, R. Palumbo and M. Kryszewski eds. Plenum Press, N.Y. 1980.

10. J.Grebowicz, V.Shilov, Yu.Lebedev, V.Privalko, Yu.Lipatov, and M.Kryszewski. “The Phase Structure and Some Mechanical Properties of Polystyrene-Poly(methyl metacrylate) Blends”, Polimery-Tworzywa 12, 37 (1980).

9. J.Grebowicz, T.Pakula, A.Wrobel, and M.Kryszewski. “Phase Structure of Thin Polysilazane Films Obtained by Glow Discharge Polymerization”, Thin Solid Films 65, 351(1980).

8. T.Pakula, J.Grebowicz, and M.Kryszewski. “The Kinetics of Spontaneous Changes in Phase Structure of Molten Two-Component Polymer Systems”, Polymer Bull. 2, 799 (1980).

7. J.Grebowicz, Z.Pelzbauer, T.Pakula, and M.Kryszewski. “Scanning E.M. studies of Helically-Oriented Polypropylene Fibers”, Polymer 20, 1281(1979).

6. J.Grebowicz, T.Pakula, and M.Kryszewski. “The influence of Phase Structure on Young Modulus of PolystyrenePolypropylene and Polystyrene-Polyethylene Blends”, Polimery-Tworzywa (Polish) 12, 425 (1978).

5. M.Kryszewski, A.Galeski, T.Pakula, and J.Grebowicz. “Supermolecular Structure of Polyethylene- Polypropylene Blends”, Vysokomol. Soed. 7, 1969 (1974).

4. T.Pakula, M.Kryszewski, J.Grebowicz, and A.Galeski. “Two-Dimensional Model of Mechanical Properties of Polymer Blends: Application to Polyethylene and Polypropylene Blends”, Polymer J. 2, 94 (1974).

3. M.Kryszewski, A.Galeski, T.Pakula, and J.Grebowicz. “Transport Phenomena in Polymer Blends”, J. Colloid Interph. Sci. 1, 85 (1973).

2. M.Kryszewski, A.Galeski, T.Pakula, and J.Grebowicz. “Supermolecular Structures in Blends of Polyethylene and Polypropylene with Ethylene-Propylene Rubber”, Collection of Papers on Composite Materials, Nauka, Kiev, 1973.

1. M.Kryszewski, A.Galeski, T.Pakula, and J.Grebowicz. “Supermolecular Structure in Blends of Polypropylene and Ethylene-Propylene Rubber”, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 15, 1139 (1971).

While at Shell, I published 15 Technical Reports and 35 Research Awareness Bulletins.

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